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A portfolio management guide for young investors


Investing in the stock market can be confusing and daunting for young individuals just starting their financial journey. Many young people believe investing requires significant experience and expertise, which takes time to acquire. However, the truth is that starting early can offer numerous advantages. Investing at a young age allows you to harness the power of compounding, take calculated risks, and potentially build substantial wealth over time.

This article will explore tips to help young investors manage their portfolios effectively.

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1. Align your portfolio to your risk appetite

One of the fundamental principles of successful investing is aligning your portfolio with your risk appetite. Your risk appetite is the level of risk you are comfortable with when investing your money in the market. Different asset classes can have varying levels of risk and potential return. For instance, equities, also known as stocks, typically carry high risk but also offer the potential for high rewards. On the other hand, debt investments, like bonds, tend to have lower risk and lower potential returns.

As a young investor, you will likely have a higher risk appetite because you have a time advantage. A longer investment horizon allows you to recover from potential losses and benefit from the power of compounding. This allows your invested capital and the accumulated profits to earn interest. Over time, you can gather more wealth and fortify your future financially.

2. Diversify your investment portfolio

While you may allocate most of your investment capital towards high-risk and reward options, it is also essential to maintain a balance. Investing in only high-risk investments can expose you to extreme volatility. This is why it is crucial to diversify your portfolio. Diversification essentially refers to not putting all your eggs in one basket. This can be done by spreading your money across asset classes. These can include the basics like stocks and bonds, as well as currencies, real estate, futures and options, and commodities.

Each asset class behaves differently under different market conditions. Every category also caters to a distinct goal. For instance, real estate or gold can hedge against inflation, whereas bonds can provide stability. When you diversify your investment across asset classes, you also get better opportunities to make money.

There are multiple ways to diversify your portfolio. You can invest in large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap stocks to diversify your portfolio based on market capitalization. Additionally, you can invest in different industries, like technology, pharmaceuticals, energy, tourism, etc. Geographical diversification can also help minimise risk and amplify the possibility of gains.

3. Pay attention to tax

Understanding the tax implications of your investments is a crucial aspect of portfolio management. Different types of investments are subject to varying tax treatments. Being aware of these implications can significantly impact your after-tax returns. Income earned from investments can be classified differently. For example, interest income from a savings account is exempted up to Rs 10,000 in a year, and the rest is added to your ordinary income and taxed at your regular income tax rate. On the other hand, capital gains earned from assets like stocks and bonds are subject to short- and long-term capital gains tax. These are taxed differently based on the holding period and type of investment.

Some investments may offer tax deductions to lower your overall taxable income for the year. For example, certain mutual funds like the Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) offer tax deductions of up to Rs 1.5 lakh under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Adding such tax-efficient funds can help you reduce the tax impact on your investments and maximise your returns.

It is essential to be up to date with tax laws and regulations to ensure you are making tax-efficient investment decisions.

4. Review your investment portfolio periodically

Reviewing your portfolio helps you adjust your investments to your financial goals. It enables you to track your progress and alter your investment strategy according to your changing needs, income, market conditions, etc.

It is advised to review your portfolio at least once a year to ensure your investment portfolio reflects your latest financial goals.

To sum it up

Understanding the fundamentals of investing and adopting the proper portfolio management techniques can help you be financially secure from a young age. It can help accumulate long-term wealth and eliminate financial burdens later in life. Remember to follow these fundamental principles to invest with confidence.


Related Articles: How to Open a Demat Account Without a Broker | Factors to Keep in Mind While Opening a Demat account | Factors to Consider When Opening a Demat Account 


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