All you need to know about Budget 2022 | Motilal Oswal
All you need to know about Budget 2022 | Motilal Oswal

All you need to know about Budget 2022

There has been a lot of talk about the upcoming budget, and if you’ve been keeping up with the news, you may have no doubt heard it mentioned more than a few times recently. But if you’re still not sure what the budget is, when it will be presented, and why it is important, worry not. In this article, we’re going to delve into all these fundamental details, so when the big day arrives, you’re well-prepared to appreciate just how significant the annual budget is. 

Now, let’s get started with some of the central questions related to Budget 2022.

What is the union budget?

The financial year in India runs from April 1 of each year to March 31 of the next year. As per article 112 of the Indian constitution, the government of India needs to prepare a statement of estimated income and expenditure for the coming financial year. This document, known as the Annual Financial Statement, must be presented before the Parliament each year. And this is what the union budget is all about. 

The union budget can be divided into two parts, namely the revenue budget and the capital budget. Here’s what these two parts of the budget entail.

  • Revenue budget:

The revenue budget includes the details of all the revenue receipts earned and the revenue expenditure incurred by the government. Today, the Indian government runs many public departments and offers many public services. The receipts and expenses associated with the regular running of these departments falls under the category of the revenue budget. 

  • Capital budget:

The capital budget, on the other hand, includes the inflows and outflows of a capital nature. In other words, these incomes and expenses result in the creation of assets or liabilities for the government. Some examples of the items included in the capital budget are loans taken by the government, expenses incurred for the development of infrastructure and healthcare, and disinvestments made by the public departments. 

Who prepares the budget?

The budget is prepared each year by the Ministry of Finance. To be more specific, the Department of Economic Affairs in the finance ministry has a Budget Division, which is the body responsible for preparing the budget annually. 

However, the Union Budget is only drawn up after a great deal of consultation with other government departments. Aside from this, the finance ministry also consults with the state governments in the country and the NITI Aayog. This helps the Ministry of Finance understand the needs, demands and the funding required of different departments and state governments.

How is the budget prepared?

The process of preparing the budget is quite time-consuming and thorough. But let’s take you through a quick look at the framework of preparing the union budget. Here’s how the budget is prepared each year.

  • The Budget Division in the finance ministry first issues a circular to all the ministries in the union government, all the states, union territories, public departments, defense bodies, autonomous bodies and more. This circular notifies the recipients that they need to get their estimated requirements ready.
  • The finance ministry’s Department of Expenditure then consults with various union ministries as the requirements are submitted from the various bodies.
  • More pre-budget meetings are held between the finance ministry and various other groups of stakeholders such as economic experts, farmers, Foreign Institutional Investors, farmers and even civil society representatives. In fact, this year, the finance ministry welcomed suggestions from the people for the Union Budget 2022 between December 26, 2021 and January 7, 2022. And in response, over 3,000 suggestions poured in.
  • Following the pre-budget meetings, the Minister of Finance decides on the various tax proposals to be included in that year’s budget.
  • The proposals are then discussed with the Prime Minister, before the Union Budget is finalized for that year. 

When, where and by whom is it presented?

Typically, the budget is presented in February each year. From 2017, the budget has been consistently presented on February 1. This gives the Parliament ample time to review and pass the budget by March 31, just in time for the new financial year. This year too, Union Budget 2022 is all set to be presented on February 1, 2022.

As for where the budget is presented and by whom, the finance minister, Nirmala Sitharaman, presents the budget in the Lok Sabha and reads out the budget speech, which includes the primary details of the union budget and the main proposals put forth by the finance ministry for the coming financial year. 

What is the Economic Survey pertaining to Budget 2022?

You may have also heard of the Economic Survey, which is typically released in relation to the union budget. This survey gives you a context of the budget for that year. It is handled by the Chief Economic Advisor, and it is released one day before the budget presentation.

That means that this year, the Economic Survey will be made available on January 31, 2022. 

What are the other key things you need to know about Budget 2022?

Here are the other key things you need to know about the Union Budget for the financial year 2022-23. 

  • Budget 2022 is all set to be presented at 11AM IST. Earlier, it used to be presented at 5PM. 
  • Typically, the budget presented in the Indian parliament each year is a deficit budget. What this essentially means is that the expenditures forecast in the budget are greater than the revenues estimated. 
  • After the budget is presented in the Lok Sabha, a copy of the same is tabled in the Rajya Sabha. 

Conclusion 

So, you now know that the 10th budget for the current government is all set to be presented on February 1 this year. And you’ve also read up all about how it is prepared and what it includes. This will give you a better context about the budget speech as you get ready to watch it in a few days. 

 

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