Fixed deposits (FDs) are among the most preferred investment options for many Indians, thanks to their stable returns and low risk. While banks are the most common go-to place for FDs, corporate FDs can also offer you handsome returns. But what exactly are company FDs? And are they safe to invest in? Let’s find out.
Apart from banks, many companies and Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) can raise money through deposits. These deposits are known as company FDs. With a tenure ranging between a few months to a few years, company FDs offer higher interest rates than bank FDs.
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While investing in company FDs can be ideal for achieving your short-term financial goals, the risk associated with them is also higher. An asset or collateral doesn't back FDs. Regarding bank FDs, the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation of India (DICGC) guarantees at least INR 5 lakh per investor in case of default. Corporate FDs do not come with such insurance.
Many are wary of investing in company FDs as they are not secured. However, it is essential to note that not all companies can issue such deposits. Only those who adhere to the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) rules and the Ministry of Corporate Affairs can issue company FDs. This is why, despite thousands of NBFCs in India, only a few offer FDs.
Furthermore, companies must have a minimum credit rating defined by the RBI. Rating agencies like Investment Information and Credit Rating Agency (ICRA), Credit Rating Information Services of India Limited (CRISIL) or Credit Analysis and Research Limited (CARE) analyse the company records, interest rates and repayment history. Credit ratings indicate high safety against the principal and interest payment default risk. Depending on various criteria, a company can be rated as AAA, AA, BBB, etc. These rules ensure that your money is safe while investing in company FDs.
While AAA is the highest rating, a company must have a minimum rating of BBB to offer FDs to the public. You can check the company ratings before committing your money to make an informed decision.
Now that you know the risks associated with company FDs, keep in mind the following points before investing:
Company FDs can be a valuable addition to your investment portfolio if you have a moderate to high-risk appetite. Like bank FDs, market volatility or interest rate fluctuations do not affect company FDs. However, it is crucial to remember that some risks are associated with company FDs. If a company's financial health deteriorates, the FDs can become prone to the risk of default. So, researching the company is essential to make a wise decision.
Don't get attracted to company deposits that promise high returns. A company must have a high credit rating even if you must compromise on interest rates. Also, ensure the company operates and generates profits for at least a few years. It is also advisable to put a limited amount of money in company FDs instead of all to diversify your risk.
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