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How Portfolio is computed

24 Jul 2023

Your investment portfolio represents a diverse range of financial assets that you've carefully chosen to build your wealth. From stocks and mutual funds to cryptocurrencies and commodities, each component plays a crucial role in your financial journey. Understanding the value of your portfolio is essential for effective financial management and decision-making. 

In this article, we'll explore the importance of portfolio valuation and guide you on how to calculate it. By gaining insights into your portfolio's worth, you'll be equipped with the knowledge to assess performance, track growth, and make informed decisions.

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Why Learn Your Portfolio's Valuation?

Knowing your portfolio's value empowers informed investment decisions, effective resource management, and timely adjustments. 

If your portfolio's growth rate differs from expectations, selling underperforming assets allows reinvestment in high-growth opportunities. Valuation knowledge enhances decision-making, asset allocation, and portfolio optimization.

How is Your Portfolio’s Value Computed?

To calculate the value of your portfolio, follow these two steps:

  1. Compute the current monetary market value of each asset in your portfolio.
  2. Add up the monetary market values of all the assets to determine the overall valuation of your portfolio.

Let's understand this with an example. 

Suppose you have the following assets in your portfolio:

  • 100 ITC shares
  • Two 5-year fixed deposits
  • PPF (Public Provident Fund)

Let's calculate the value of the assets mentioned above individually:

1. ITC Shares

With each ITC share priced at Rs. 400, the present market value of your 100 ITC shares stands at Rs. 40,000.

2. Fixed Deposits

You have two fixed deposits of a 5-year duration. While one FD is 2 years old, the other is 3 years old. 

After quarterly interest compounding, suppose you have accumulated the following amount of money in your two FDs:

  • FD #1: Rs. 1,50,000
  • FD #2: Rs. 2,50,000

So, the current market value of your fixed deposits is Rs. 4,00,000. 

3. PPF

Let's consider an example to illustrate the calculation of your portfolio's current market value. 

Suppose you have accumulated Rs. 7,00,000 in your PPF account over the last seven years. Additionally, you hold 100 shares of ITC, each priced at Rs. 400. You also have two fixed deposits, with one valued at Rs. 1,50,000 and the other at Rs. 2,50,000. A PPF calculator can show you how much your investment will increase over time given a specific rate of interest and initial investment. This might assist you in calculating the amount you need to invest in PPF in order to meet your financial objectives.

To determine the total current market value of your portfolio, we add the current market value of each asset:

  • The current market value of 100 ITC shares: Rs. 400 x 100 = Rs. 40,000
  • The current market value of FD #1: Rs. 1,50,000
  • The current market value of FD #2: Rs. 2,50,000
  • The current market value of PPF: Rs. 7,00,000

Adding these values together:

Rs. 40,000 + Rs. 1,50,000 + Rs. 2,50,000 + Rs. 7,00,000 = Rs. 11,40,000

Thus, in this example, the current market value of your portfolio is Rs. 11,40,000. Please note that this calculation does not account for any fees, charges, or other costs, which are typically minimal compared to your overall investment.

Final Word

As the share price fluctuates, the valuation of your portfolio will also vary. Additionally, you will continue to make monthly investments in your PPF, which will gradually increase your PPF corpus over time. Furthermore, both your FDs and PPF will generate interest income as time passes. If you hold a positive outlook on the long-term prospects of the conglomerate, you may also choose to acquire more ITC shares. These factors will contribute to changes in your portfolio's valuation.

​It is crucial to monitor whether your portfolio's valuation is increasing satisfactorily. To determine your portfolio's value, you should repeat the aforementioned steps regularly.

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