How to Calculate F and O Turnover | Motilal Oswal

How to Calculate F&O Turnover


  • In recent years, there has been a notable jump in people investing in futures and options, as reflected by a surge in DEMAT accounts in India, from 34% to 10.8 CR in December on attractive returns.
  • The F&O segment of the derivatives market has gained immense popularity, allowing investors to seek substantial profits with minimal investment.
  • However, newcomers must understand how to calculate F&O turnover for tax obligations.
  • When investors have a grasp of this calculation, they can ensure compliance and effectively manage their tax responsibilities in the dynamic world of derivatives trading. 

What is F&O Turnover?

  • Tax authorities consider futures and options, or F&O, trading as a category of business.
  • This results in F&O income being treated as business income. Hence, gains from the derivatives market are subject to business taxation. 
  • Calculating F&O turnover is necessary to determine tax obligations accurately. F&O turnover encompasses total income from trading and incorporates profits and losses.
  • For an accurate estimation, subtract all expenses incurred during F&O trading, such as broker commissions, rents, and bills, from the income.
  • This calculation may yield either positive or negative F&O turnover based on the extent of profits and losses incurred. 

How to Calculate F&O Turnover?

  • When calculating F&O turnover, it is essential to consider the following key points:
  1. The difference between positives and negatives.
  2. The difference in turnover between reverse trades.
  3. The premium received from selling options as per the Income Tax Act, 1961.
  • In F&O trading, the futures turnover is calculated based on the absolute profit. It includes the combined positive and negative differences arising from various transactions throughout the year.
  • The calculation for futures turnover is as follows:

Futures Turnover = Absolute Profit.

  • On the other hand, options turnover is computed by adding the premium received from selling options to the absolute profit. Hence, the formula for options turnover is:

Options Turnover = Absolute Profit + Premium received on selling the options

What are F&O Losses and Tax Audit?

  • Reporting your F&O Turnover is mandatory, irrespective of profits or losses. However, F&O losses offer tax benefits.
  • A tax Audit under Section 44AB applies if the taxpayer's trading turnover is more than Rs. 1 crore (Rs. 2 crores under presumptive taxation) or they report losses in their turnover.
  • Conversely, the taxpayer can choose not to claim and carry forward the loss, avoiding a tax audit and offsetting it against future profits.
  • As F&O losses are non-speculative, they reduce income tax liability.
  • To undergo a tax audit, appointing a chartered accountant is necessary for preparing financial statements, filing a tax audit report (Form 3CD), and ITR

When is F&O Trading Audited?

  • The audit's applicability varies based on turnover:
  1. Turnover up to Rs. 2 crores: A tax audit applies if the profit or loss is less than 6% of the trading turnover. If it is equal to or greater than 6%, no tax audit is required.
  2. Turnover from Rs. 2 crores to Rs. 10 crores: A tax audit applies if the profit or loss is less than 6% of the trading turnover. However, if the taxpayer has opted for presumptive taxation under Section 44AD and made a gain of 6% or more, no tax audit is necessary.
  3. Turnover above Rs. 10 crores: A tax audit is mandatory regardless of profit or loss when the trading turnover exceeds Rs. 10 crores.
  • Failure to have accounts audited can result in a penalty of Rs. 1.5 lakhs or 0.5% of turnover, as determined by the IT department.


  • To summarize, an accurate calculation of futures and options turnover is vital for a precise tax assessment.
  • Errors in turnover calculation can lead to incorrect tax payments, risking penalties.
  • It is essential to understand the difference in the turnover calculation for each, ensuring compliance and mitigating financial consequences.


Related Articles: The Truth about Future and Options Trading | Intraday Trading Explained: Best Intraday Trading Tips | 7 Best Bearish Futures and Options Trading Strategies  | Why should you opt for trading in commodity futures? 

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