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Understanding the Five Components of the Ichimoku Cloud

20 Sep 2023

What is the Ichimoku Cloud?

  • An excellent financial analysis tool that is made up of five components, the Ichimoku Cloud is widely used by traders.
  • Goichi Hosoda developed it in the 1960s in Japan.
  • The word 'Ichimoku' means 'one glance' in the Japanese language.
  • This tool is commonly employed to determine trend direction, support and resistance levels, and momentum in financial markets.


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What are the Five Components of the Ichimoku Cloud?

The Ichimoku Cloud consists of five main components or lines. Each has a specific role in analyzing market conditions. These are:

  1. Conversion line or Tenkan-sen: This component is a moving average for the short term calculated by averaging the lowest low and highest high over the last nine periods. It provides insights into short-term trend direction.
  2. Baseline or Kijun-sen: It's a moving average, medium-term, calculated by averaging the lowest low and highest high over the last 26 periods. It helps identify medium-term trend direction.
  3. Leading span A or Senkou span A: Senkou span A represents the midpoint between the Kijun-sen and Tenkan-sen, projected forward 26 periods. It offers information about potential future support and resistance levels.
  4. Leading span B or Senkou span B: Senkou span B is calculated based on the lowest low and highest high over the previous 52 periods, with its midpoint projected forward 26 periods. This line also provides insights into future support and resistance.
  5. Lagging span or Chikou span: Plotted 26 periods back on the chart, the Chikou span is the closing price of the current period. It offers a view of past price action and can help confirm the current market trend.

How Does the Ichimoku Cloud Work?

  • The Ichimoku Cloud works by integrating five components:
    • Tenkan-sen and Kijun-sen provide short- and medium-term trend insights.
    • Senkou Span A and Senkou Span B project future support and resistance levels, with the area between forming the Cloud.
    • Chikou Span confirms the trend direction by plotting the closing price 26 periods back.
  • The price is bullish if it's above the Cloud; otherwise, it's considered bearish.
  • Crossovers between components and their relative positions generate trading signals.
  • The Cloud also gauges market volatility by its thickness.

How Do I Apply Ichimoku Cloud in Trading?

Use the Ichimoku Cloud to make informed trading decisions. Some key points to note are:

  • Bullish signals occur when the Tenkan-sen breaches the Kijun-sen, and the price is above the Cloud.
  • Bearish signals happen when the Tenkan-sen crosses below the Kijun-sen, and the price is below the Cloud.
  • It assists in setting stop-loss and take-profit levels.
  • Traders can identify potential entry and exit points using Cloud support and resistance levels.


Related Articles: Intraday Breakout Tactics | Maximizing Profits with Bollinger Bands | Navigating the Markets with RSI | Calendar Spread Strategy


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