Venture Capital in India: Meaning, Features And Types | Motilal Oswal

Venture Capital in India: Meaning, Features And Types

One of the methods by which entrepreneurs obtain funding is via venture capital. On the other hand, it is a form of asset that can generate substantial returns for investors. Every investor and entrepreneur should be aware of the benefits and drawbacks of venture capital. This article will cover every aspect of venture capital.

What Is Venture Capital?

Venture capital (VC) is a type of private equity financing usually provided to startups and early-stage enterprises. Usually, venture capital is offered to companies with considerable potential for expansion and revenue generation, thereby generating the potential for high returns.

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It is a form of financing investors provide to private enterprises in exchange for some company ownership. Typically, investors make the investment decision based on specific guarantees. By gaining a company's equity, they become members of the management team or board, allowing them to contribute to the company's success. 

Typically, investors invest in those companies associated with high-growth industries that employ innovative technologies and have the potential to boost economic development and productivity. 

What are the Types of Venture Capital?

There are various types of venture capital, each with advantages and disadvantages. Let's understand each of them. 

1. Seed Capital 

Before a business's inception, seed capital is necessary to conduct market research and establish company formation. A few investors are willing to invest during the early phases of a company's development. Although the amount can be small, it has numerous benefits for the entrepreneurs. 

2. Startup Money

This capital is essential to recruit essential management, undertake additional research, and make the product or service market-ready. After a business's inception, early-stage capital can assist in increasing sales to attain break-even and enhance efficiency. 

3. Early Stage Investment 

If your company has been operating for at least two or three years, you can look for venture capital firms willing to provide funding at this time. Additionally, three-year-old businesses have a managerial team and successful offerings.

With venture capital, your business can grow. For example, increase sales and market share, and enhance company efficiency and productivity.

4. Expansion Funding

As you can guess, this fund helps a company to expand its operation. The company can use this fund to enter new markets, develop new products, invest in technology, or acquire another company. 

5. Bridge Financing

Bridge financing is available to assist a business in reaching a significant milestone, like an initial public offering or a merger. For instance, during IPOs, bridge financing can help meet the flotation expenses (like stock exchange fees, underwriting, etc.).

Features of Venture Capital

The following are the features of venture capital:

  • It focuses on financing startups that have difficulty hitting the capital market during their early phases of development.
  • The objective of venture capital investors is to profit monetarily from the profitability of the business they fund.
  • It is a long-term investment made in companies with high growth prospects. The provision of venture capital will result in the rapid expansion of the business.
  • The venture capital provider will engage in the borrowing business, providing financial support and managerial knowledge.

What is the Process of Venture Capital in India?

In general, venture capitalists serve venture capital firms that raise funds from external investors instead of angel investors who engage their own funds. The following category of investors, known as limited partners, may include high-net-worth individuals, large corporations, and investment agencies.

The funds raised by venture capitalists are invested in companies with the potential to grow or have already experienced accelerated expansion. Although some venture capital firms specialise in particular phases of the company's lifecycle, other individuals take a broader approach and make investments in businesses at various stages. Numerous VC firms concentrate their investments on a particular industry or business vertical.


Venture capital is an important funding source for startups and early-stage businesses that are trying to come up with new products or technology. This opportunity provides businesses with the necessary capital and resources to grow. Also, they get access to the necessary expertise and support from seasoned investors. 

However, getting venture capital can be tough competition, and not every company is successful in doing so. It's important to note that not every business will benefit from the specific terms and conditions associated with venture capital financing.


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