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What Is a Symmetrical Triangle Pattern


Decoding chart patterns is crucial for profitable trading. One such crucial pattern is a symmetrical triangle. It is a chart pattern characterized by two converging trend lines that connect to a series of sequential peaks and troughs. The trend lines should converge at a roughly equal slope, forming a triangle on the chart. The symmetrical triangle pattern differs from other triangles, such as ascending, descending, or wedge patterns, with one horizontal or one sloping trend line.

This pattern usually forms during a trend as a continuation pattern, indicating a period of consolidation before a breakout or breakdown. The price moves within the trend lines, creating lower highs and higher lows, until it arrives at the triangle's apex, where the trend lines meet. The apex is where the price is expected to break out or break down from the pattern, resuming the previous trend or starting a new one.

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The symmetrical triangle pattern can also mark a reversal pattern, indicating a change in the direction of the trend. This happens when the price breaks out or down from the pattern in the opposite direction of the previous trend, signalling a shift in the supply and demand balance.

Trading and interpretation of symmetrical triangle pattern

You can follow these steps to trade and interpret a symmetrical triangle pattern:

  • Identify a symmetrical triangle pattern on a price chart, using at least four points (two lows and two highs) to illustrate the trend lines. The more points you have, the more valid and reliable the pattern is. You can use a drawing tool or a trend line indicator to draw the trend lines on the chart.
  • Measure the potential price target for a breakout or breakdown from a symmetrical triangle pattern. Employ the difference between the highest and lowest values in the initial stage of the pattern, and then use this measure from the point where the breakout or breakdown occurs. This is also known as the height of the pattern. The price target estimates how far the price can move after breaking out or breaking down from the pattern. It is not a guarantee but a guideline.
  • Determine the direction of the breakout or breakdown from a symmetrical triangle pattern. Use volume, candlestick patterns, and other technical indicators as confirmation. Volume is an important factor, as it shows the buyers' and sellers' strength and conviction. A breakout or breakdown with high volume is more likely valid and sustainable than one with low volume. Candlestick patterns, such as bullish or bearish engulfing, hammer or shooting star, or doji, can also indicate the direction and momentum of the price. Other technical indicators, such as oscillators, moving averages, or trend-following indicators, can also help you confirm the breakout or breakdown and the trend direction.
  • Set the entry, exit, and stop-loss levels for trading a symmetrical triangle pattern. Use the breakout or breakdown point, the price target, and the trend lines as reference points. Enter a trade when you observe the price close above or below the trend lines, depending on the direction of the breakout or breakdown. Take exit when the price reaches the price target or shows signs of reversal or exhaustion. You can set a stop-loss level below or above the trend lines or the nearest support or resistance level to protect your trade from unexpected price movements.

Tips for using symmetrical triangle patterns

Symmetrical triangle patterns are not foolproof. They have some limitations and challenges. Here are some tips and recommendations for using them:

  • Combine symmetrical triangle patterns with other forms of technical analysis.
  • Apply a filter to confirm the validity of the breakout or breakdown from a symmetrical triangle pattern, such as waiting for a close above or below the trend lines, a certain percentage of price movement, or a certain amount of volume before entering a trade.
  • Be aware of the possibility of a false breakout or breakdown from a symmetrical triangle pattern, as the price may retrace or reverse after breaking out or breaking down from the pattern. Use a stop-loss level to protect your trade from unexpected price movements, and be ready to exit the trade if the price shows signs of reversal or exhaustion.
  • Be flexible to the changing market conditions, as symmetrical triangle patterns can form in different time frames and markets and have different implications and outcomes depending on the context and the environment.


Symmetrical triangle patterns are useful chart patterns that can help you identify, trade, and interpret market trends and price movements. However, you need to be careful of false breakouts or breakdowns and use other technical analysis tools to confirm your analysis and trading decisions.


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