What is Breakeven Point & How to Calculate it | Motilal Oswal

What is Breakeven Point & How to Calculate it


  • Break Even Point (BEP) is the sales level where total revenue and total costs are equal, resulting in no profit or loss.
  • BEP is crucial in business to make informed decisions about pricing, production, and profitability.
  • BEP determines the sales needed to cover costs and start generating profit.
  • Calculating BEP is essential for evaluating the financial health and sustainability of a business.

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What is Break Even Point?

  • At Break Even Point (BEP), businesses cover all costs (fixed and variable).
  • Below BEP, the business incurs losses; above it, they make a profit.
  • It provides insight into financial stability and prevents losses.
  • BEP influences pricing, production, and sales strategies for sustainable operations.

Why is Break Even Point Important?

Break Even Point provides insights into a business's financial health and sustainability. It helps answer questions like how many units must be sold to cover costs, whether a business model is viable, and how pricing decisions affect profitability.

Calculating the Break-Even Point:

The Break Even Point can be calculated using a formula:

Break Even Point (in units) = Fixed Costs / {Selling Price (per unit) - Variable Cost (per unit)}

Breakdown of the components:

1. Fixed Costs:

Fixed costs are expenses like rent, salaries, utilities, and other overhead expenses. These don't vary with the level of production or sales. 

2. Selling Price per Unit:

The selling price per unit is the amount for which a product is sold to customers.

3. Variable Cost per Unit:

Variable costs change based on production or sales volume. They include costs of raw materials, direct labor, and other expenses tied to production.

How to Calculate Break Even Point in Rupees?

You can calculate the Break Even Point in rupees by multiplying the Break Even Point in units by the selling price per unit:

Break Even Point (in rupees) = Break Even Point (in units) x Selling Price per Unit

Using Break-Even Analysis for Informed Decision:

  • Pricing Decisions: BEP guides prices to cover costs, prevent underpricing, and ensure profits.
  • Production Planning: BEP aids cost-covered production, preventing excess inventory costs.
  • New Product Launch: BEP assesses a new product's profitability with the required sales level.
  • Investment Decisions: BEP helps investors gauge business profitability and risk.

What are The Factors that Impact the Break Even Point?

Several factors influence the Break Even Point, like changes in fixed or variable costs, selling price alterations, and shifts in the product mix. Understanding the Break Even Point is crucial for business success. It shows when profits start and guides pricing, production, and sales decisions. By calculating and analyzing it, businesses operate strategically, ensuring financial sustainability and growth.


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