Who is Liable to Pay Taxes On the P&L in a Joint Demat Account

Who is Liable to Pay Taxes On the P&L in a Joint Demat Account


Many investors, such as spouses, open joint Demat accounts in light of their varied investment needs. After all, collaboration usually brings about better results. Through a joint Demat account, an investor and their partner can have the convenience of sharing investment responsibilities in holding assets, commodities, and securities jointly. The taxation on the profit and loss generated in this account, however, is the responsibility of the primary or first account holder. Let us understand this in greater detail. 

What Is A Joint Demat Account?

As discussed previously, joint Demat accounts are investment accounts that are shared by a maximum of three individuals. These individuals are referred to as joint holders. These holders are then allowed to hold and trade securities such as mutual funds, stocks, bonds, commodities, etc. While Demat accounts can be opened online, a joint Demat account is usually opened offline.

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A maximum of three account holders are allowed for a joint Demat account. One of the account holders is considered the primary or the first holder of that account, while the other two individuals are considered the secondary holders. 

What Are The Advantages Of A Joint Demat Account?

A joint Demat account offers several benefits to its participants. Let us take a deeper look at some of these advantages:

  1. Convenience of Shared Ownership: Multiple individuals can be a part of the joint Demat account. This leads to an ease of access to investment decisions and transactions. It also allows for a singular maintenance fee. 
  2. Smoother Succession: In the case of a joint tenancy with rights of survivorship (JTWROS), smooth transfer of the account in the event of the passing of an account holder can be conducted.
  3. Cost Efficiency: Consolidated investment leads to reduced maintenance charges and also reduces other associated operational costs that might be incurred while managing multiple accounts. 
  4. Sharing Investment Knowledge And Expertise: Joint Demat accounts encourage collaborative efforts. The account holders can discuss, analyze and jointly evaluate investment opportunities. This leads to well-informed decision-making.

What Are The Tax Liabilities On P&L In A Joint Demat Account?

The tax liability on the profit and loss generated from a joint Demat account is based on several factors. This includes ownership patterns, income distributions, and tax regulations. The primary holder of the joint Demat account is the designated person liable to pay the taxes on the profits produced on the account. Additionally, there are some other considerations that are important in reference to the tax liabilities. For instance, the ownership pattern of a joint account comes into play in the event of the death of an account holder.

Further, in a joint Demat account with Joint Tenants with Rights of Survivorship (JTWROS), if one of the joint holders passes away, the surviving joint holders automatically inherit the ownership of the account. From a tax perspective, the surviving joint holder assumes full responsibility for the tax liability on the P&L generated from the account. The taxation rules on the P&L are subject to the laws laid down in the Income Tax Act of 1961 and the rules dictated by the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT). 

Final Thoughts

Joint Demat accounts offer a convenient way to manage shared financial goals. As the owners of a joint Demat account, it is important to be aware of the guidelines on taxation on its P&L. Since the primary joint account holder assumes greater responsibility in terms of the ownership of the account, he/she should be experienced and well-versed in markets while being aware of their responsibilities. This makes the joint ownership venture smoother and more successful. 


Related Articles: How Do I Add A Nominee To My Demat Account | Factors to keep in mind while opening a Demat account | Procedure of Buying and Selling Shares Through Demat Account

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