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Check Your Demat Holdings Report

30 Jan 2023

Demat accounts in India should preferably be kept with one of the two depositories, CDSL or NSDL. Stock market transactions involving shares take place in a dematerialized electronic format rather than in a physical or "material" one. Opening an online Demat account with a Depository Participant (DP) who is a member of either CDSL or NSDL enables the storage of shares in an electronic format. The Demat account created with a DP is known as a Client Beneficiary account or Client Demat account. Generally speaking, these DPs might be stockbrokers or banks. Simply defined, a beneficiary Demat account that contains a client's shares as a clear and updated balance is known as a Demat holdings account.

Demat Holdings Account

Two accounts are used while trading shares: a trading account with a broker and a depository participant (DP) holdings account. After two days after the trading date, shares purchased on the open market are transferred through the broker from the exchange to its Pool account. The customer is eligible for any rights, dividend, bonus, or corporate actions on these held shares and these clear holdings are known as Demat holdings. To prevent any settlement complications, it is generally advised to have both the trading account and the Demat account with the same depository or institution.

How Do You View Your Demat Holdings Statement?

You may see a complete list of all the shares and other securities you own in your Demat holdings statement. Keep in mind that the Demat holdings statement is a declaration of ownership, and as such, it only lists the stocks and bonds that you own. For instance, you can only purchase shares via your trading account when you do so. However, you must load your trading account with funds from your bank account to purchase shares. The shares will be credited to your Demat account on T+2 trading days after you make a purchase order for them. Trading holidays are not included in this reference to two trading days. You will see these shares on your statement of Demat holdings.

The Demat account will be debited on T+1 when you sell shares. To avoid paying margins on the sale of shares, you must provide pre-delivery of shares from your Demat account by the new SEBI requirements. The shares are deducted from your Demat account the same day or the next day after your broker receives the pre-delivery allocation. On T+2 day, the sale proceeds of these shares will be deposited to the bank account, and the statement of demat holdings will show these fewer shares. The ultimate results of different debits and credits to your Demat account will be shown in your statement of demat holdings. For instance, a Demat credit is given when shares are distributed or allocated when you purchase shares or apply for an IPO. When the firm you own shares in releases a bonus or a stock split, you also get a credit for the extra shares to your Demat account, which is shown in your holdings statement.

Why Should Your Demat Holdings Account Be Monitored?

After two days after the trade date, when the shares are successfully deposited into your Demat account, it is immediately reflected in your Demat account statement. Demat account statements often fall into one of two categories:

  • Statement of Holdings, which offers a full breakdown of the status of the securities in the account, including the locked-in balance, total current balance, and pledge balance. It lists all the assets held in a Demat account as of a certain date.
  • A Statement of Accounts that details each transaction that happened in a Demat account in great detail.

Reasons To Routinely Check The Statement Of Demat Holdings

  • Even while shares are often transferred to customer accounts within the allotted period after the trading day, one cannot completely rule out the possibility of a transfer mistake. Rarely, the broker may decide to maintain the shares in the pool account and use them to meet the margin requirements of other customers, leaving the real client open to the risk of losing profit on the investment.
  • The broker can be utilising a customer's shares from the common pool account to meet the margin requirements set by the exchange for his firm. Due to the broker's inability to promptly provide extra margin to the exchange, the client's shares are at risk of being sold by the exchange when the market declines sharply.
  • As a result, the client's shares held in the broker's common pool account are likewise susceptible to losing dividends and other corporate action advantages.

Wrapping Up

Investors may check the status of their stock market investments with a Demat account statement. Therefore, it is crucial to sign up with a trustworthy brokerage firm that delivers its customers the Demat holding statement regularly through SMS or email. The Demat account holding statement may be swiftly monitored without relying on a broker with the use of an online Demat account. Now that your Demat account is registered, you may access your Demat account statement immediately by going to the CDSL or NSDL web portals.


Related Blogs: How to Analyse Mutual Funds for Big Returns | Things to Know Before Investing in Mutual Funds | Mutual Fund - Need of Financial Plan | How to Open a Demat Account Without a Broker | Factors to Keep in Mind While Opening a Demat account


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