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How to Trade Finnifty Expiry


Finnifty represents the Nifty Financial Services Index, which monitors how Indian financial companies are doing. This index includes banks, housing finance, insurance, NBFCs, and other financial services companies. The National Stock Exchange (NSE) introduced Finnifty in January 2021 as a new benchmark for the financial sector. They set the base date for Finnifty on January 1st, 2021, with a base value of 1000.

Finnifty consists of 20 stocks chosen based on free-float market capitalisation and their inclusion in the Nifty 500 index. If you trade in Finnifty derivatives, you can make good profits. However, if you plan to trade on the expiration date, you must implement some crucial strategies. Before we delve into those tips, let's learn more about this index.

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Things to Know About Finnifty

  • Finnifty is reconstituted semi-annually, i.e., in June and December.
  • The lot size for Finnifty futures and options is 40, and the maximum number of lots allowed per order is 45. The price step for Finnifty futures contracts is Re.0.05.
  • Finnifty derivatives settlements are in cash on both a weekly and monthly basis. The weekly contracts expire every Tuesday of the expiry week, while the monthly ones expire on the last Tuesday of the expiry month. If the expiry day is a trading holiday, the previous trading day is considered the expiry day.
  • The quantity freeze limit for Finnifty futures contracts is determined by NSE and published from time to time. If an order exceeds this limit, it will be rejected by the system.

How to trade Finnifty expiry?

You may consider or implement the following strategies while trading in Finnifty expiry.

1. Understand the Basics

Before you trade Finnifty expiry, understand the futures and options trading basics. Learn the terms, such as futures, options, long, short, call, and put. Study the Nifty 50 index and the components that make up this benchmark to comprehend its behaviour and potential impact on Finnifty.

2. Do Thorough Research

Study market trends, historical price movements, and macroeconomic factors influencing the Nifty 50 index. Keep a close eye on corporate earnings, global events, and economic indicators. They can significantly impact the index and, consequently, Finnifty.

3. Develop a Trading Plan

Preparing a well-defined trading plan is essential for any successful trader. Your plan should encompass risk tolerance, capital allocation, entry and exit strategies, and contingency plans for adverse scenarios. Stick to your plan diligently and avoid impulsive decisions based on emotions or market noise.

4. Pay Attention to Expiry Dates

Pay attention to the expiry date and steer clear of holding positions too close to expiration. Doing so can subject you to higher volatility and risk. If you wish to extend your market exposure, consider rolling over your positions to the next month.

5. Trend Following

One of the most popular strategies for Finnifty expiry trading is trend following. This approach involves identifying the prevailing trend of the Nifty index leading up to the expiry date and taking positions in line with that trend. You can utilise technical indicators, such as moving averages or trend lines, to determine the market's direction. Once the trend is established, traders can open positions that align with the anticipated trend continuation.

6. Breakout Trading

Breakout trading involves identifying the index chart's key support and resistance levels. Traders look for a significant price movement beyond these levels, indicating a potential breakout. When a breakout occurs, you can take positions in the direction of the breakout, expecting the momentum to continue until the expiry date. However, using stop-loss orders to manage risk is crucial, as false breakouts can occur.

7. Calendar Spreads: 

Calendar or time spreads involve simultaneously buying and selling Finnifty contracts with different expiry dates. You may use this strategy to profit from differences in implied volatility between near-term and longer-term contracts. The goal is to capitalise on the decay of time value in the near-term contract while holding onto the longer-term contract to benefit from any significant price moves.

8. Avoid Herd Mentality

Emotions and herd mentality can influence the stock market. Avoid making decisions solely based on what others are doing. 


Success in Finnifty requires a well-thought-out strategy. Focus on risk management and conduct continuous market analysis. By understanding the fundamentals of Finnifty, employing effective trading strategies, and staying disciplined, you can navigate the challenges and potentially reap significant rewards. 

Remember that practice and experience are crucial in honing your trading skills. So start small and gradually expand your trading activities as you gain confidence. 


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