If you want to trade in the stock markets, you need to understand the rules of the game. These trading terms will act as a pathway toward your wealth-creation journey. Knowing these basic terms will help you make the right trading decisions.
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Let’s explore the technical terms employed in stock trading and investing -
Also known as a share or equity, stock represents the basic ownership unit of a company. Owning stock allows you to own a portion of the company's profits and assets with voting rights in corporate decisions.
It is a marketplace where publicly held (listed) companies issue and trade their shares.
As a degree of variation in a stock's trading price, it is measured by the standard deviation of returns and indicates how much a stock's price fluctuates. Increased volatility results in both chances for gain and risks.
It conveys the ease with which you can buy or sell a stock and convert it into cash. Highly liquid stocks allow for smoother transactions and better price discovery.
These are events initiated by a company, such as dividends, stock splits, mergers, and acquisitions, that can impact the securities issued by the company.
It is a portion of a company's profits distributed periodically to its shareholders.
When a company issues free shares to existing shareholders, increasing the total outstanding shares, this is called a bonus issue.
It increases the number of shares outstanding by reducing the face value per share, making the stock more affordable.
It allows existing shareholders to purchase additional shares directly from the company, often at a discounted price.
This is a period when stock prices are expected to rise. It indicates positive investor sentiment.
This is a period when stock prices are expected to fall as indicated by the negative sentiments
This is the initial deposit made by you while opening a trading account. It further acts as collateral for buying stocks on margin.
It enables you to borrow money from your broker to buy securities. Moreover, it boosts potential gains and losses but also comes with increased risk.
A broker issues this document to clients for all transactions and contains details like trade information, brokerage, taxes, and signatures.
Trades can be settled on a rolling basis or an account-period basis. Today, most trades are settled on a T+2 day basis. For example, transactions executed on a Monday will be settled on the following Wednesday.
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