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Where can ETFs listed On the Exchange Can Be Found

20 Jul 2023

Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) are very popular investment funds for investors. In the last few years, the popularity of ETFs has increased significantly. Many companies have launched different types of ETFs to provide investors with diversification of stocks. Investors can invest in diversified portfolio with ETFs. They are like a basket of securities traded on exchanges, similar to stocks. Their share prices usually fluctuate all day due to the buy and sell process of traders. 

What Is An Exchange Traded Fund (ETF)

Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs) are the collection of listed investments that can be traded on the stock exchange. ETFs include equities, bonds, and other securities. They allow you to invest in a diversified set of securities at once and at a lower price than any other type of fund. Commonly, ETFs are managed either passively or actively. 

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Passively managed ETFs are structured to track down indexes such as NIFTY 50. This enables the investors to invest the same proportion of money, Nifty 50. They are also used to track the index of any sector or commodity, such as gold price. Like the company’s shares, ETFs also have certain ticker symbols as their identifier. 

Where can investors find the ETFs listed on the exchange?

ETFs include mutual funds and conventional stocks. ETFs, along with their symbols and underlying, are listed on security exchanges and are traded by traders or investors all day. Their prices normally fluctuate according to market forces. Investors can easily find the list of ETFs on the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) websites. 

What Are Different Types Of ETFs?

Following are some of the popular types of ETFs you can invest in. 

Market or Equity ETFs

These ETFs track an index like SENSEX or NIFTY 50. It gives exposure to different companies comprising a single index via single investments. 

Sector or Thematic ETFs 

These types of ETFs are structured to track the baskets of stocks related to any particular sector or theme, such as technology, pharmaceuticals, or oils. 

International ETFs

These ETFs track international market indexes, such as the NASDAQ 100 index. These ETFs enable investors to invest in a more diversified international portfolio.

Commodity ETFs

Commodity ETFs track the price of commodities like oil and gold. 

Leveraged ETFs

These funds are structured for leveraging to boost returns. 

Why investing in ETFs is beneficial? 

ETFs are of great importance. Here are some of its benefits that every investor must know:

  • Mutual funds are traded only once a day when the market closes, while ETFs can be traded all day.  
  • ETFs are very tax efficient and generate less capital gain distribution as compared to actively managed mutual funds.
  • Most ETFs report their holdings at the end of the day, ensuring transparency. 

What Are The Terms Related To ETF?

Every ETF investor should know the terms like NAV, tracking error, and market price before investing in ETFs. 

Net Asset Value (NAV) 

The value of the underlying assets of any ETF is its Net Asset Value (NAV). 

Market Price

The price at which the ETF units are bought or sold on the security exchange is known as its market price. 

There is always a small difference between the NAV and the market price of the ETF based on their demand and supply. When an investor buys or sells any ETF, the return will depend on the market price, not on the NAV.  

Tracking Error

Any difference between ETF’s performance and the index is a tracking error. High tracking error leads to a higher difference in ETF’s performance and index. Therefore, it is good to choose ETFs with low tracking errors. 

Conclusion 

ETFs are low-cost investments with more diversified options. Different ETFs allow the investor to target their market and take exposure to a broad market or commodity. Passive ETF investment options are good for investors, as it has lower tracking error than index funds. Investors can invest in ETFs by purchasing them from NSE and BSE.

 

Related Articles: Why Fund of Funds (FOF) and ETFs have not taken off in India | Beginners Guide to Investing in ETFs

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