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Direct Equity Vs Equity Funds
12 Sep 2023

Are you unsure whether you should invest in stocks directly or through a mutual fund for your equities investments? Whether to invest in direct equity or equity funds is one of the most significant decisions each investor must make. Equity mutual funds are mutual funds that invest in stocks of publicly traded companies. On the other hand, these equities can be purchased straight from the stock exchange. While both direct equity and equity funds are commonly recognised as sound long-term investments, understanding the differences between the two is crucial in determining which sort of investment is best suited to one's risk profile.

What Is Direct Equity?

A direct equity investment is one in which an investor receives shares of a company directly from the stock market. A share is an indivisible unit of capital that demonstrates an investor's connection to the company's ownership in exchange for voting rights. Everyone can participate in the stock market. You can check the price of an equity stock at any moment. For example, if you invest in a profitable company, the stock price can rise. As a result, you will earn from your direct equity investment as well.

These days, investing in direct equities is an easy process. To buy and sell stocks, all you need is a demat and trading account. You can handle your demat account yourself or have it managed for you by a broker. Furthermore, individuals who are well-versed in the operation of equities markets can purchase stocks directly. They also have a good grasp of the risk-reward equation. As a result, if you don't have the time or the necessary understanding, investing in direct stock requires experienced supervision.

What Is An Equity Fund? 

Equity mutual funds are open-ended investment vehicles in which money is pooled and invested in various companies' shares and stocks. In other words, mutual funds that invest in stocks on your behalf are known as equity mutual funds. The percentage of equity assets allocated is determined by the scheme's goals. The fund's net asset value (NAV) varies in response to market fluctuations. In layman's terms, NAV is the cost of a mutual fund investment.

Professional fund management is a benefit of investing in equity mutual funds. The fund managers make the decision whether to buy, sell, or hold the assets in the fund. Furthermore, investors benefit from liquidity, which allows them to withdraw money from the fund at any moment. In addition, depending on the investor's investment horizon and risk tolerance, many forms of equity mutual funds can meet their goals. Furthermore, you can begin investing in mutual funds with a minimum of Rs 500.

Know the Difference Between Direct Equity and Equity Funds

Some of the significant differences between direct equity and equity funds are as follows:

  • Risk: Direct equity is risky than investing in mutual funds, and direct equity investors are more ready to accept risks. At the same time, risk management standards for equities funds are in place. The fund manager is not permitted to invest excessively in a single stock.
  • Management Expertise: Not every investor possesses the abilities required to discover the best stocks. Not everyone can devote time to research. Direct equities investing necessitates a high level of ability and knowledge. Equity mutual funds, on the other hand, provide investors with the experience of fund managers.
  • Cost: In terms of expense ratio, the mutual fund charges fees for their services. The rule sets a limit on this fee. The cost of opening and keeping a demat account is the cost of direct equity. In addition, there are Security Transaction Cost fees associated with stock trading. As a result, investors must be informed of these fees before investing.
  • Volatility: Individual stocks have a higher level of volatility. Each stock's value may rise or decrease dramatically in a short period of time, resulting in large profits or losses. An equities mutual fund, on the other hand, is a more broad and stable stock portfolio. As a result, equity mutual funds are less volatile because they invest in a diverse variety of stocks.
  • Convenience: The fund manager manages the mutual fund portfolio in equity mutual funds, offering them a convenient way to invest. Direct equity investing, on the other hand, necessitates continual monitoring of one's investments owing to stock price volatility. Direct equities investors rely on their own market knowledge, whereas mutual fund investors rely on the experience of the fund management.
  • Liquidity: Investors in equity mutual funds can exit the fund at any time at the current NAV, subject to an exit load. When an investor invests in direct stock, on the other hand, they have no idea whether they will be able to sell the shares in the market at a fair price. The investment value of these stocks might also go negative at times.
  • Taxation: Direct equity and equity funds are both taxed the same way. When a share or mutual fund is held for less than a year, short term capital gains are generated, which are taxable at 15%. When a stock is kept for more than a year, long term capital gains arise. Long-term capital gains are taxed at 10% without indexation over a threshold of Rs 1 lakh. Furthermore, investors who invest in an ELSS fund, a type of equity mutual fund, are eligible for a deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961, up to Rs 1.5 lakh.
  • Amount Invested: With as little as Rs 500, investors can begin investing in equity mutual funds. They can also choose the SIP option to invest in a disciplined manner on a regular basis. Direct equity investment, on the other hand, is based on the value of the stock. Some stocks trade at exorbitant prices, making them unavailable to small investors.

Wrapping Up: Direct Equity Vs Equity Funds

Direct equity investment, in a nutshell, is perfect for individuals who want the freedom to design their own portfolios. They also have an excellent comprehension and knowledge of equities, allowing them to invest directly in stocks. Equity mutual funds, according to experts, are an ideal alternative for both new and experienced investors because they are professionally managed by fund managers. As a result, there is no right or wrong way to invest; rather, the correct stocks or funds should be chosen depending on the investor's financial goals, investment horizon, and risk tolerance levels. Both, however, are vulnerable to volatility, and one should carefully study all of the fund documentation.

Related Articles: Investing in Mutual Funds is Now Easy with MO Investor App | Invest In Mutual Funds Online In 5 Simple Steps |  How to Analyse Mutual Funds for Big Returns 


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