Know The Types of Commodities Traded in The Commodity Derivatives Market? | Motilal Oswal
Know The Types of Commodities Traded in The Commodity Derivatives Market? | Motilal Oswal

Types of Commodities Traded in the Commodity Derivatives Market

  • Defining Commodity and Commodity Derivatives

A commodity is generally defined as a group of items or assets that can be traded or exchanged. It should, however, be noted that all goods except for money and claims can be bought and sold.

Commodity derivatives are financial instruments that allow investors to profit from commodities without actually owning them, according to the definition. A derivatives contract entails the right to exchange a commodity at a later date for a specified price.

  • Understanding the Types of Commodity Markets in India

When it comes to comprehending how the Indian commodity market operates, we must first acknowledge that there are two separate markets: the spot market and the derivatives market.

The spot market is concerned with the functionality of supplying items on the spot within four to five days. The commodity derivatives market, however, deals with derivative securities such as futures options and swaps. Market participants not only trade simple derivative securities, but also hybrid derivative instruments. The functioning of commodities markets in India is mostly focused on the futures market, although the spot market is also significant.

The commodity options trading was introduced in 2017, but it has yet to pick up in a significant manner, despite traction in some commodities. In India, the volume of options traded is primarily on commodity futures rather than on spot commodities.

  • Types of Commodity Derivatives Markets in India

The commodity derivatives market is a place where investors can buy stocks in commodities rather than in major corporations that trade in these commodities. Commodity derivatives markets are an excellent source of crucial data as well as an indicator of market volatility, market sentiments, market confidence, and investors' interests.

Here’s a rundown of the types of Commodities Derivatives Markets that carry out trading in India apart from the Commodity Market mentioned above:

  1. Indian Commodity Exchange
  2. Multi Commodity Exchange of India
  3. National Multi Commodity Exchange of India
  4. National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange

Commodity prices fluctuate in the market, affecting the traders; traders who keep watch of these movements may profit handsomely from them. Commodities are a long-term strategy to diversify a portfolio beyond traditional assets. They also serve a key role in securing capital amid periods of market instability and bearishness.

  • Types of Commodities that are Generally Traded

Typically the nature of commodities is divided into hard and soft commodities, and then there may be a distinction between those traded locally, regionally, or in a geographical location such as India. Then there are those types of commodities that are traded on a global scale. 

While hard commodities encompass crude oil, metals, and so on that tend to have a good shelf life. Soft commodities, on the other hand, have a shorter shelf life and include agricultural goods such as wheat, soybean, corn, cotton, and so on.

Gold, silver, crude oil, Brent oil, natural gas, soybean, cotton, wheat, corn, and coffee are some of the most popularly traded commodities on a global scale. Here is some more information about a few of these commodities.

Soybean: Amongst the soft commodities, soybean is one of the topmost raw materials to be traded, however, it’s frequently influenced by factors such as weather, demand for the dollar, and biodiesel.

Gold: The investors’ fascination with gold has always been eternal in the sense that gold holds a special place in international trade. We often see an inverse relationship between the price of gold and the dollar. When the value of the US dollar falls, investors begin to buy more gold for security, and when the value of the dollar rises, gold prices tend to fall.

Crude oil or Petroleum: Sparking geopolitical conflicts in an overall global scenario, crude oil has been the crux of demand from all over the world. With a slew of byproducts such as petroleum and diesel, the price of crude oil is increasing on a daily basis, owing primarily to the surge in demand for automobiles and energy sectors.


Hence, we see that the world market and global trade heavily hinge on these commodities and their derivatives market. Although introduced in India at the beginning of the 21st century, commodities’ trading is gradually gaining traction and interest of the investors. Understanding of these basic elements has now become a widely accepted need as trading will keep evolving as a major aspect of the development and growth of economies all across this planet. If you are looking to get into commodity online trading, ensure you do it through a trusted provider.

Related Articles: Can the commodity markets provide cues for equity trading | Beginners Guide to Agri Commodity Trading | 5 Successful Commodity Trading Strategies | Role of Commodity Markets In India 



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