What is trading on equity | Motilal Oswal

What is trading on equity

If you want to make sound trading decisions, then having an idea of trading on equity is a must. Trading on equity is key to shaping investment strategies and determining potential returns for individuals and businesses.

This article will discuss the ins and outs of trading on equity. 

What is Trading on Equity?

Trading on equity is a financial strategy where you or a company borrows money, like loans or debts. You borrow money to invest in things or to run your business to generate profit. Here, "equity" means the money you put into the business or what the company's shareholders own.

When you engage in trading on equity, it means you are utilizing borrowed funds to acquire additional assets or investments when the expected rate of return is higher than the borrowing cost. This strategy allows you to potentially increase your gains by leveraging borrowed capital.

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However, it is critical to remember that if the rate of return on purchased assets falls below the cost of borrowing, financial losses and increased debt obligations may follow. 

What are the Types of Trading on Equity?

There are mainly two types of trading on equity. Here are those:

1. Trading on Thin Equity

It is when you use a relatively small amount of your money or shareholders' equity to support a larger amount of borrowed funds. It involves taking on a higher level of financial leverage, where the borrowed money is much higher than the equity capital.

2. Trading on Thick Equity

Trading on thick equity means using a significant amount of your own money or shareholders' equity to support a smaller amount of borrowed funds. The focus here is on maintaining a conservative capital structure with lower financial leverage.

What is the Purpose of Trading on Equity?

Trading on equity allows you to increase investment returns and helps a business grow. Traders borrow money to boost their potential profits on their initial investment. Moreover, it allows companies to get extra money for expanding their operations or starting new projects, which leads to growth and progress.

What are the advantages of Trading on Equity?

Trading on equity offers various advantages. Here are those:

  • Increased return potential
  • Enhanced capital efficiency
  • Diversification of risk

What are the Disadvantages of Trading on Equity?

Trading on equity has its disadvantages as well. Here are those:

  • Increased financial risk
  • Vulnerability to economic conditions
  • Potential for over-leveraging


Like any investment strategy, trading on equity requires thinking about your situation and the state of the stock market.

To successfully trade on equity, you must take a complete approach. Do your research, know your financial abilities, and create a clear risk management plan before you trade.  


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