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Selling futures options

14 Mar 2023

Options traders may benefit by either buying or selling options. Options offer possible profit during both tumultuous moments, independent of market direction. Because options may be exchanged in anticipation of market gain or depreciation, this is feasible. In addition, there is an options strategy that may profit from price movements in assets such as currencies, stocks and commodities.

Fundamentals of Option Profitability

If the underlying asset, like a stock, climbs above the strike price before expiration, a call option buyer benefits. A buyer of put options can gain financially if the underlying asset's price falls below the option's "strike price" before the option's expiration. The difference between the stock price and the option strike price at the time of expiration or when the option position is closed is the factor that determines the real amount of profit.

A call option writer will benefit if the underlying stock remains below the strike price. The trader gains if the price remains above the strike price after writing a put option. The profitability of an option writer is limited to the premium they earn for writing the option. Option writers are often referred to as option sellers.

Option Buying Vs Option Writing

There are significant distinctions between buying and selling options. First, the option buyer has the right to exercise the option, while the option writer must do so. Second, time decay advantages the option writer while harming the option buyer. Third, if the option deal works out, an option buyer might receive a significant return on investment. This is due to the fact that a stock's price might rise dramatically over the strike price. As a result, option purchasers often have more significant (even limitless) profit potential. On the other hand, option writers have a fairly restricted profit potential connected to the premiums earned.

If the option trade is profitable, the option writer earns a lower return. This is due to the fact that the writer's return is restricted to the premium, regardless of how much the stock rises. So, why bother selling options? Option writers gain upfront premium earnings, may collect the whole premium amount whether the option expires in the money or out of the money, and can trade out of liquid options.


Options Spreads

Traders or investors may often use a spread approach to mix options, purchasing one or more options to sell one or more distinct options. The premium paid will be offset by spreading since the option premium sold will net against the option premium bought. Furthermore, the spread's risk and return profiles will limit the possible profit or loss. Spreads may be designed to profit from practically any predicted price movement, and they can vary from basic to sophisticated. Any spread strategy, like individual options, may be purchased or sold.


Wrapping Up

Investors with a low-risk tolerance should adhere to simple tactics like call or put purchasing. In contrast, knowledgeable investors with a high-risk tolerance should adopt advanced methods like put writing and call writing. Option strategies provide several avenues to success since they may be adjusted to each individual's risk tolerance and return demand.


You may get a successful outcome from a transaction if you give careful consideration to the timing of your trades and choose appropriate strike prices. If day trading isn't your thing, you may consider investing in upcoming IPOs. However, no matter what you decide to do, you should always ensure that you have a trading account and a Demat account. Without one, you will not be able to participate in the financial markets. Motilal Oswal allows customers to quickly and easily open a demat account online now.


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