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What Is The Meaning Of NAV In Mutual Funds

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What Is NAV Meaning in Mutual Funds?

If you're a beginner mutual fund investor, you can be curious to learn NAV full form in mutual funds. The unit cost of a mutual fund scheme is regarded as NAV, or the net asset value. NAV is used as the foundation for purchasing and selling of mutual funds. The NAV is computed each day relying on the price movement of all the securities that the various mutual fund strategies possess after making the necessary adjustments, and contrasting share prices, which change frequently during trading hours.

The expenditures (sometimes referred to as TER) of a mutual fund scheme, such as administration, fund management, distribution, etc., are levied in accordance with the scheme's holdings and are modified in the NAV.

How Is NAV Calculated?

Once you understand NAV meaning in mutual funds, you must've been interested in learning how NAV is actually calculated.

A mutual fund company (AMC) will seek subscribers for a new scheme via a new fund release (NFO). The units of this scheme are priced at the rate of ₹10 in an NFO. Let's say that the AMC raises ₹1,000 crores from several investors during the NFO. The different NFO subscribers' fixed issue price of ₹10 implies that the AMC allocates units to investors in accordance to the net amount increased.

The NAV was fixed at ₹10 and the NFO raised ₹1,000 crores in this instance. The AMC thereupon issues 100 crore units (Rs. 1,000 crore / Rs. 10 NAV) and allocates them to investors in accordance with their individual investment amounts. As a result, if you contributed ₹1 lakh to this NFO, you would get 10,000 units. You are now aware of how NAV is computed.

Let's break this down further: According to the scheme mandate, the ₹1,000 crores raised in the NFO are invested in a variety of assets. The market prices of these assets change every day. Let's assume further that the portfolio asset value of the program rises the following day, increasing from ₹1,000 crore to ₹1,020 crore. Let's overlook scheme expenditures for the time being to keep things simple. Your original NFO expenditure of ₹1 lakh has become worth ₹1,02,000. 

Investors may purchase or sell shares in an open-ended mutual fund plan at any time using the day's NAV. If there is no exit load, current investors may sell their shares at the identical price.

How Does An Asset's Net Worth Affect Investors?

Is the NAV really important? NAV The number of units allocated for the investment amount is determined solely by NAV. As an investor, one should be more concerned with the value of your investment than the number of units you possess. A scheme's NAV's growth is more significant than the NAV itself. In other words, return should be prioritised above NAV.

What Crucial Part Does NAV Play In The Performance Of A Fund?

Since NFOs are released at a NAV of ₹10, several investors believe that they are inexpensive. The worth of the securities in the portfolio and the total profits made from the start of the scheme are used to calculate the NAV of each mutual fund unit. Although two separate mutual fund schemes could have the precise same securities portfolio and one could be decided to offer at par value (NAV of ₹10) whereas the NAV of another scheme could be greater than ₹100, the real value of each of the schemes will be identical irrespective of the difference in NAV.

Hence, the NAV of a mutual fund plan is a poor measure of that scheme's performance. When considering an investment decision, an investor must constantly take into account the scheme's past performance and overall cost ratio, among many other factors.

 

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