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What Happens After the IPO Period

What Happens After the IPO Period?

If you are an investor or an entrepreneur, you might have heard the term "IPO." An initial public offering (IPO) is a significant milestone for any company as it means going public and offering shares to the public for the first time. It is a crucial stage for the company and its shareholders, but what happens after the IPO period? In this article, we will discuss everything you need to know about the post-IPO period.

What is an IPO?

Before we dive into what happens after the IPO period, let's first understand what an IPO is. An IPO is the first time a company sells shares of its stock to the public. It is a way for the company to raise capital by selling its shares to investors. The company becomes a public company and its shares are traded on the stock exchange.

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What are the basic steps involved in an IPO? 

  1. Selecting an investment bank to underwrite the IPO.
  2. Preparing the prospectus, which is a legal document that provides information about the company, its financials, and its business plan.
  3. Filing the prospectus with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
  4. Conducting a roadshow to market the IPO to potential investors.
  5. Setting the IPO price and the number of shares to be sold.
  6. Going public by selling the shares to the public.

What Happens After the IPO?

Now that we understand what an IPO is and how it works, let's discuss what happens after the IPO period.

Share Price Volatility:

After the IPO, the company's share price becomes volatile, as it is now determined by the market demand and supply. This can lead to significant fluctuations in response to market conditions, news, and other factors.

Increased Scrutiny:

Going public subjects, the company to increased scrutiny from the public, regulators, and analysts. The company is now required to disclose its financials, business operations, and other information to the public, which can be beneficial for investors, but it also means that the company's actions are closely monitored.

Corporate Governance:

After the IPO, the company's governance structure is subject to more scrutiny. The board of directors must act in the best interest of the shareholders and ensure that the company follows good corporate governance practices. This includes establishing committees, such as an audit committee and a compensation committee.


Going public provides liquidity to the company's shareholders, who can sell their shares on the stock exchange. The value of their shares is no longer tied to the company's success. This liquidity also allows for the company to use its shares to acquire other companies, which can help it grow and expand.

Access to Capital:

One of the primary reasons a company goes public is to raise capital. After the IPO, the company can issue additional shares to raise more capital. This capital can be used to fund growth, research, and development, or pay off debt.

Pressure to Perform:

Going public puts pressure on the company to perform. The company's success is now measured by its share price, and the management team must focus on meeting or exceeding the expectations of the shareholders. This can sometimes lead to short-term decision-making, which may not be in the best interest of the company's long-term growth.


Going public is a significant milestone for any company, marking its transition to the public market. While the post-IPO period brings increased scrutiny, share price volatility, and pressure to perform, it also offers new opportunities for growth and access to capital.

Companies must navigate these changes carefully, balancing the demands of shareholders with their long-term vision and strategic goals. By embracing transparency, sound corporate governance practices, and a focus on sustainable growth, companies can thrive in the dynamic post-IPO landscape and unlock their full potential in the public market.

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