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What Is ABCD Pattern And Why it Matters

10 Oct 2023


If you are a trader, you know that the market moves in waves and patterns. Sometimes, these patterns are easy to spot and predict, while others are more complex and challenging. One of the most common and simple patterns you can use to your advantage is the ABCD pattern.

The ABCD pattern is a four-point chart pattern that reflects the market's natural rhythm. It has two legs, up or down, followed by a consolidation and a continuation of the previous trend. It looks like a lightning bolt on the chart and can signal a potential trading opportunity.

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This article will explain the ABCD pattern, how to use it, and why it matters for your trading success. 

What is the ABCD pattern?

The ABCD pattern is a geometric chart pattern formed by three consecutive price swings. Depending on the initial move's trajectory, it can take a bullish or bearish direction. The ABCD pattern has four points: A, B, C, and D. Each point represents a significant high or low in the price action.

The first point, A, starts the initial leg up or down. The second point, B, is the end of the initial leg and the start of the pullback or consolidation. The third point, C, is the end of the pullback and the start of the second leg up or down. The fourth point, D, is the end of the second leg and the completion of the pattern.

The fundamental characteristic of the ABCD pattern is that the length and time of the two legs are equal or very close. In other words, AB ≈ CD. This means the price moves harmonically and symmetrically, creating a balanced and proportional pattern.

The pullback or consolidation between the two legs, BC, can vary in depth and duration. However, it usually retraces between 38.2% and 78.6% of AB. The most common retracement levels are 50% and 61.8%.

How do you trade the ABCD pattern?

The ABCD pattern can be used as a trading strategy to determine potential entry and exit points in the market. Here are some basic steps on how to trade the ABCD pattern:

  • Identify the ABCD pattern on the chart.
  • Wait for confirmation of point D. Point D is confirmed when the price breaks above or below point B, depending on whether it is a bullish or bearish pattern. This indicates that the second leg has been completed, and the trend will probably continue.
  • Enter a trade in the direction of point D. You can place a buy order above point B for a bullish pattern or a sell order below point B for a bearish pattern. You can also use signals like volume, momentum, or candlestick patterns to confirm your entry.
  • Establish your stop-loss and take-profit levels. You can place your stop loss below point C for a bullish pattern or above point C for a bearish pattern. This protects you from a false breakout or a reversal of the trend. You can place your take profit at a multiple of AB or CD, such as 1.272%, 1.618%, or 2%. This gives you a favourable risk-reward ratio and allows you to capture more profits from the trend.
  • Manage your trade according to your plan. You can use trailing stops, partial exits, or other techniques to lock in profits and reduce risk as the price moves in your favour. You can also monitor other factors, such as news events, market sentiment, or technical indicators that may affect your trade.


The ABCD pattern is a simple yet effective chart pattern that can help you identify and trade potential trends in the market. It reflects the psychology and behaviour of traders who buy low and sell high or vice versa. It also gives you an edge over other traders who may need to be made aware of this pattern or who may trade against it. The ABCD pattern is not a magic formula that guarantees success but a powerful tool to help you achieve your trading goals. You can combine it with other strategies and methods to enhance your trading performance.


Related Articles:  Understanding Broadening Top Chart Pattern | What are Dual Class Shares | Guide to Understand Ascending Broadening Wedge Pattern


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