Understand Mutual Fund Risks: How Safe Are Your Investments? | Motilal Oswal

Are Mutual Funds Safe? Know About the Risk Associated

As an investor, it is natural to have concerns about the safety of your investment. Mutual funds, in particular, have gained popularity in recent years due to their potential to provide good returns. In November this year, the mutual fund industry saw its assets under management (AUM) cross Rs. 40 Lakh Crore for the first time. However, it is important to understand that like any other investment, mutual funds come with their own set of risks.

What is a mutual fund?

A mutual fund is a type of investment vehicle that pools money from various investors and invests it in a diversified portfolio of assets such as stocks, bonds, and other securities. This allows investors to gain exposure to a wide range of assets and potentially earn higher returns than they would by investing in individual securities.

Is a mutual fund safe?

The safety of a mutual fund depends on the type of assets it holds and the market conditions. For example, a mutual fund that invests primarily in government bonds is generally considered to be safer than one that invests in stocks. However, even so-called "safe" investments can lose value if interest rates rise or the economy takes a turn for the worse.

It is also important to note that mutual funds are not guaranteed by the government or any other authority. This means that there is always a possibility that you could lose some or all of your investment.

What are the risks associated with mutual funds?

Some of the common risks associated with mutual funds include:

  • Market risk: This refers to the risk of losing money due to changes in the overall market conditions. For example, if the stock market falls, the value of a mutual fund that invests in stocks is likely to fall as well.
  • Interest rate risk: This refers to the risk of losing money due to changes in interest rates. For example, if interest rates rise, the value of a mutual fund that invests in bonds is likely to fall.
  • Credit risk: This refers to the risk of losing money due to default or bankruptcy of the companies in which the mutual fund has invested.
  • Liquidity risk: This refers to the risk of being unable to sell your mutual fund units quickly at a reasonable price.

How can I mitigate the risks associated with mutual funds?

While it is impossible to eliminate risk completely, there are some steps you can take to mitigate the risks associated with mutual funds:

  • Diversify your portfolio: One of the best ways to reduce risk is to diversify your portfolio across different asset classes and investment styles. This will help to reduce the impact of any one particular risk on your overall investment.
  • Choose your mutual fund carefully: It is important to choose a mutual fund that is aligned with your investment goals and risk tolerance. Furthermore, ensure that the fund house and the fund manager overseeing the fund are of proven pedigree. This will help you to avoid taking on more risk than you are comfortable with.
  • Monitor your investments regularly: It is important to keep track of your mutual fund investments and make adjustments as needed. This will help you to stay on track and avoid taking on unnecessary risks.
  • Open a demat account online: A demat account is an essential tool for investing in mutual funds. It allows you to buy and sell mutual fund units electronically, making it easy to manage your investments and keep track of your portfolio.


In conclusion, mutual funds can be a good investment option for those looking to earn higher returns. However, it is important to understand the risks associated with mutual funds and take steps to mitigate them. By diversifying your portfolio, choosing your mutual fund carefully, and monitoring your investments regularly, you can minimize your risk and maximize your potential for earning good returns. If you would like to diversify your portfolio by investing in the stock market directly they you should consider opening a demat account online and look to bid upcoming IPOs.


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