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Trading Forex for Newcomers and Expert

05 Jan 2023

The foreign exchange market - also referred to as the forex market, is the financial market with the highest level of liquidity across the globe. You've arrived at the right place if you're unsure how to get started with foreign exchange. Over the course of this article, you shall be acquainted with all aspects of foreign exchange trading - such as what it is, how it operates, and how to get started in the market.

What Is Forex?

Forex is an abbreviation for foreign exchange, which is the exchange of one form of currency for another. This procedure may be carried out for travel, business, and international commerce. Forex is exchanged on the forex market, which is open 24 hours a day, five days a week. This facility is used by corporations, banks, hedge funds, investment firms, and retail traders.

What is the Forex Market?

With an estimated average worldwide daily turnover of more than US$6.5 trillion — up from $5 trillion only a few years ago — the FX market is by far the biggest and most liquid financial market in the world. The fact that there is no central marketplace or exchange in a central location is a crucial element of the forex market since all trading is done electronically over computer networks. This is referred to as an over-the-counter (OTC) market.

Currency Pairs Explained

Every transaction involving foreign exchange involves the simultaneous buying and selling of two different currencies. This 'currency pair' consists of a base currency and a quote currency; you must sell one of these currencies in order to purchase the other one. The amount of the quoted currency that must be paid in order to acquire one unit of the base currency is referred to as the price of a pair. Accurately predicting the direction in which the price of a currency pair will move may result in monetary gain. Examples of this include the Euro's exchange rate against the US dollar, the US dollar's exchange rate against the Japanese yen, and the British pound's exchange rate against the US dollar. For the vast majority of currency pairs, the fourth decimal place is referred to as a pip. The Japanese Yen, on the other hand, uses the second decimal place.

On the forex market, deals in currencies are typically worth millions, therefore, modest bid-ask price disparities (i.e. few pips) may swiftly build up to a big profit. In fact, with such high trading volumes, a minor spread might result in big losses. Forex trading is dangerous; therefore, always trade cautiously and use risk management tools and approaches.

Understanding Forex Spreads And Pip

  • Pip: A percentage point, or pip, is a measure of the change in the value of a currency pair in the forex market. It is the smallest conceivable change in a currency price that is comparable to a 'point' of movement.
  • Spread: As a trader in foreign exchange, you will quickly realise that the bid price is invariably greater than the asking price. The difference between these two prices is referred to as the spread. The spread, which determines the cost, should be as minimal as possible. The cost will increase proportionately with the size of the spread. For illustration purposes, if the bid price for EUR/USD is 1.1918 and the asking price is 1.1916, the spread will be calculated by subtracting the asking price from the bid price, which is 0.0002 in this particular scenario. In order to make money by trading foreign currencies, the market price has to either rise higher than the asking price or fall lower than the bid price, depending on whether you are long or short of the currency.

Distinction Between Long And Short Positions

  • Short Position: It is a strategy in which a trader sells a currency in the anticipation that its value will fall and then buys the currency back at a cheaper price after anticipating that its value will rise. When the trader makes the purchase to cover their short position, the position is said to have been "closed" (ideally for less than he or she sold it for). For example, if you think the value of the Euro will decrease in comparison to the dollar, you should sell one Euro for 1.1916 dollars and keep your short position open. You believe that the value of the Euro will go down, and as a result, you want to buy it back at a lower price.
  • Long position: It signifies that a trader acquired a currency with the hope that the value of the currency would increase in the future. It is claimed that the trader's long position has been 'closed' after they had sold the currency back to the market (ideally at a higher price than when they purchased it), and the transaction has come to an end. For example, if you wanted to establish a long position in the Euro, you would do so by purchasing 1 Euro for 1.1918 US Dollars. You will keep your position after that in the hope that it will increase in value, with the ultimate goal of selling it back to the market at a profit.

Guide to Online Forex Trading

Fundamental analysis and technical analysis are the two primary forms of analysis that traders employ to forecast market moves and take live positions in forex trading online. A forex trader will often utilise one or more of these to establish the trading style that best suits their personality.

  • Technical Analysis: Technical analysis is used by forex traders to evaluate price movement and patterns on price charts. These swings may assist traders in identifying hints regarding supply and demand levels. The goal of technical analysis is to identify patterns in charts to discover the best timing and price level to join and leave the market.
  • Fundamental Analysis: This technique is concerned with the 'why' - why is a forex market behaving in the manner that it does? Many variables influence forex and currencies, including a country's economic strength, political and social issues, and market emotion.

How to Start Online Forex Trading with a Broker?

Always opt for a qualified, regulated broker - one with at least five years of demonstrated expertise. These brokers will provide you with peace of mind since they will always prioritise the safety of your assets. You may begin forex trading online after opening an active account, but you will first need to make a deposit to pay for the expenses of your transactions. This is known as a margin account, and it allows you to purchase and sell currencies using financial derivatives.

Realising that online forex trading for novices is not a quick procedure is essential. It takes time to get acquainted with the markets, and there is a whole new jargon to master.


Related Articles: How to Open a Demat Account Without a Broker | Factors to Keep in Mind While Opening a Demat account | Factors to Consider When Opening a Demat Account | 10 Points to Remember When Operating your Demat Account | Types Of Demat Account & Trading Account

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