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What is Transmission and Transposition of Shares

29 Nov 2023

When you open a demat account, it is important to gain an understanding of the working of accounts in terms of shares transmitted and transposed. This is especially crucial to know in case shares have been bequeathed to someone by way of a will, or the names of shareholders change due to some other reason. You should know the meaning of transmission and transposition of shares. Demat account holders often get confused between the two, and this can lead to misconceptions for your shareholdings in the future. 

The Transposition of Shares - Demat Account Information

Today, if you want to own shares, you need to open a demat account for electronic storage of the same. Even if, say, your grandmother has bequeathed shares to you in physical form after her demise, these have to be dematerialised and placed in a demat account in digital formats. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has mandated this. Regarding shares, it is vital that you are aware of certain terms which affect how shares are used in the future. Transposition of shares is simply the interchanging of the name order of shareholders (in case of shares jointly held). To put it plainly, it is the rearrangement of names on the shares. In case the names of shareholders must be transposed, then it is necessary to hold the shares in demat formats. 

The Transmission of Shares

There are a number of ways that you can buy and hold shares in a demat account. Your demat share account may hold stocks that you have recently bought on the stock exchange, or may hold shares allotted to you by a recent IPO subscription. If you wish to go in for any upcoming IPO, it is sensible to open a demat account. Now, coming back to the transmission of shares. The transmission of shares is essentially when the titles of shares get transferred (to another name) due to succession and inheritance. Hence, if you are bequeathed shares in a will by your aunt, then your aunt’s name, currently on the shares held, will be changed to your name as you become the new owner of the shares. 

Some Aspects About Transmission and Transposition

There are some considerations to note regarding the transmission and transposition of shares. Demat account holders should be aware of certain aspects that pertain to both processes: 

  • Physical shares can be dematerialised in joint demat accounts even if the names on share certificates are interchanged. That is, if the physical share certificate is in the name of A first, then B as the second holder, but the demat account is in the name of B first, shares can still be dematerialised in this account. However, if the titles on the shares are changed, then a new demat account has to be opened to reflect this. 
  • In case shares are held in a demat account of a holder who has passed away, but bequeathed the said shares to someone else, a new demat account will have to be opened in the name of the new shareholder (to whom the shares have been passed on/bequeathed). 

Knowledge is Key

When you open a demat account, you may think there is nothing to it. However, you should be aware of certain terms and regulations pertaining to these, should you ever come across them in future. You may find the knowledge you need at Motilal Oswal, a reputed broker in India. While you are doing this, you can think of applying for any upcoming IPO too. 


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Related Articles: How to Open a Demat Account Without a Broker | Factors to Keep in Mind While Opening a Demat account | Factors to Consider When Opening a Demat Account | 10 Points to Remember When Operating your Demat Account | Types Of Demat Account & Trading Account

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