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New India Assurance IPO: All you need to know
05 Jan 2023

The current financial year will be special because the government will be taking its first step towards divesting its stake in the general insurance companies. Even among the 5 general insurance companies in India that are owned by the government, this year we will first see the IPOs of New India Assurance and GIC Re. While the actual IPO may still be some time away, here is what you need to know about the proposed New India Assurance IPO..
What you need to know about the proposed New India Assurance IPO..

Among the five general insurance companies identified by the government for disinvestment this year, New India Assurance will be the largest. The overall plan is to raise Rs.10,000 crore from the sale of general insurance businesses out of which nearly Rs.7,000 crore will come from the sale of New India Assurance itself.

The new issue will be a mix of a fresh IPO and an offer-for-sale. While the government will be making a 12-15% stake sale through the NFO, the company will also be looking to raise fresh funds to finance its expansion and growth plans. Know the difference between an NFO and an IPO

Currently not a single general insurance company in India is listed. In the private sector space, the life only insurance company that is listed is ICICI Pru Life which listed last year. Of course, Max Financial also has a very large life insurance component, but it is still an NBFC. New India Assurance, when it gets listed, will be the first general insurer in India to get listed and will therefore become an important benchmark for the valuation of the general insurance business interests of large groups like HDFC, ICICI, Kotak and SBI.

The New India Assurance IPO will be of specific interest to the PSU banks. Most PSU banks like SBI, BOB, PNB and Canara Bank have an exposure to the insurance business. However, currently in the absence of any credible benchmark there is not methodology to value the SOTP valuation for these groups. The listing of New India Assurance will give that much-needed gateway to Indian PSU banks.

New India Assurance has a leadership position in the general insurance industry and it has actually seen its market share increase from 15.1% last year to 16.7% this year. The general insurance industry is on the cusp of a major spurt in growth. The total general insurance premium income has jumped from Rs.6,000 crore to Rs.18,000 crore in the current year and is projected to touch Rs.25,000 crore in the coming year. That is a growth of almost 300% in just two years, making it an exciting time for investors to enter the stock.

For New India Assurance, health, motor and crop insurance remain the key focus areas. Both health and motor insurance are growing at a rate of over 20% per annum. But the real push is coming from crop insurance where the company has seen Rs.1200 crore of premium income. With the Modi government putting a major thrust on crop insurance to reduce the risk of agriculture this space is likely to see a lot of sustained interest.

As per the SEBI listing requirements, the government will have to reduce its stake in all the general insurance companies from 100% to 75% over a certain period of time. This divestment of New India Assurance and GIC Re are a step in this direction. The other 3 general insurance companies are still financially too weak and hence are not being considered for disinvestment till there is greater clarity and better traction on their top-lines and their bottom-lines.

Valuations may not be relevant at this point of time but, like in banking, investors may have to look at the market cap of the company with reference to its asset size or to the value of its investments. At an indicative market cap of Rs.80,000 crore, the company will be quoting lower than the total worth of its assets. That surely makes the IPO a theoretically viable proposition. Insurance is a long gestation business and hence P/E ratio may not be too relevant in this case. But the most important takeaway is that there will finally be adequate supply of quality paper in the market to ensure that we do not chase the mirage of asset inflation. From a stock market point of view, that will be worth its weight in gold!

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